During reproductive years, the imbalance can manifest in PMS and/or various reproductive challenges (including spotting, anovulation, prolonged cycles, infertility). As the reproductive system does not exist in isolation, these imbalances have close relationships with thyroid health, stress, and metabolism. Post menopause, hormonal imbalances can lead to vasomotor symptoms, sleep disturbances, mood swings, vaginal dryness and urinary frequency or recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI), weight gain, reduced elasticity (in skin and blood vessels) and hair loss. Excess estrogen is a common health challenge under the exposure of EDC (endocrine disruptor chemicals), causing PMS (Pre-menstrual symptoms), irregular bleeding.
From the list above, you can imagine the far-reaching effects of too much or too little estrogen. That level is finely balanced amongst the different glands in the body when not disrupted by overloads of chemicals or toxins exposed. Chemicals or toxins include endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDC) in personal care products, medication, chemicals used in food and inefficient detoxification in modern living. An example of ineffective detoxification can be late nights, as liver detoxification is most active during 11 pm – 3 am.
Testosterone is the major androgen (male sex hormone) in men. Like estrogen, it has been mostly associated with sexual functions. Other than sexual functions, it has many important roles in the body: